How Pep Guardiola Improves His Players

How Pep Guardiola Improves His Players
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    "The intention is not to move the ball," Pep Guardiola once said. "Rather, it is
    to move the opposition." The Catalan coach is a master of controlling
    games through complete domination of the ball, but it's not something his teams pick up
    overnight. It takes constant work on the training ground, and high levels of concentration and
    tactical understanding from his players. The most significant and important of Guardiola's
    training ground routines is the Rondo, which he has used at Barcelona, Bayern Munich and
    now Manchester City with great success. As with many of his ideas, Guardiola was influenced
    in his use of the Rondo by the great Johan Cruyff.
    "Our model was imposed by Cruyff," said midfielder Xavi Hernandez when Guardiola was
    at Barcelona. "It's an Ajax model. It's all about rondos. Rondo, Rondo, Rondo. Every
    single day. It's the best exercise there is. You learn responsibility and not to lose
    the ball. If you go in the middle, it's humiliating. The others applaud and laugh
    at you." So what is the Rondo? In effect, it is a game
    of piggy in the middle, only played with the feet and with almost inconceivable levels
    of technical proficiency. Most commonly, Guardiola uses an 8 vs 2 Rondo:
    eight players stand in a circle and attempt to pass to each other, while the two in the
    middle aim to dispossess them. It's a simple drill but one that has proved highly effective.
    The goal of the players on the outside of the circle is to reach a target: usually 30
    passes. If one of the players in the middle retrieves the ball, the drill restarts, and
    the man responsible for losing the ball takes his place.
    For Guardiola and his players, the Rondo has multiple benefits: it improves technique in
    tight areas, encourages intelligent movement and forces players to pass the ball in neat
    triangles. All of this is in evidence when his teams take to the pitch, and Manchester
    City's improvement in these areas is clear to see.
    From a defensive point of view, the Rondo is perhaps even more valuable. Those in the
    middle learn to press with maximum efficacy, closing down passing lanes and attempting
    to read the intentions of the player on the ball.
    "Everything that goes on in a match, except shooting, you can do in a rondo," Cruyff
    once said. "The competitive aspect, fighting to make space, what to do when in possession
    and what to do when you haven't got the ball, how to play 'one touch' football,
    how to counteract the tight marking and how to win the ball back."
    Guardiola clearly took this to heart. Every training session at Manchester City – and
    at Barcelona and Bayern – begins with a Rondo. There are variations, too: sometimes
    it may be a 6 vs 2, a 5 vs 2 or a 3 vs 1 Rondo. And sometimes Guardiola switches to a positional
    game, similar to a traditional Rondo but with an added element. The drill is 4 vs 4 with
    three 'neutral' players, who take the side of whichever team has the ball. In effect,
    it becomes 7 vs 4, although when one team wins the ball back the drill continues. The
    team who have lost the ball can immediately counter-press in an attempt to win it back.
    More than anything, it teaches the players to move intelligently off the ball.
    The intensity of the drills is crucial, too. Guardiola insists on maximum focus, not allowing
    any player to slack off or joke around. "Even the rondos: it's with 100% effort or you
    don't do them at all," he has said. "If the players don't like them then they are
    welcome to go mountain running, but in that case we'll never reach our potential."
    Gradually, after the initial shock, the players become accustomed to the intensity required
    in Guardiola's rondos. It's not a casual exercise to warm the players up before the
    training session begins. It is, without doubt, a fundamental part of the development of Guardiola's
    teams. A story told by Domènec Torrent, a former
    coach at Barcelona and Bayern, shows the process that took place after Guardiola arrived in
    Munich. In Martí Perarnau's book, Pep Guardiola: The Evolution, Torrent explains the transformation
    on the training pitch. "What happened with the rondos is probably
    the best example of the process of adaption they all went through," he said. "The
    players started out seeing them as a bit of a laugh, a good way to start and end the warm-ups.
    The ball could end up ten metres outside the perimeter of the rondo circle without ever
    having touched the ground. But from day one Pep insisted that they pay attention to how
    they positioned themselves, how they received the ball, whether they controlled it with
    their left or right foot. "The Bayern players grasped his point very
    quickly. I remember one day comparing the rondos of the early days with what they had
    become by the end. It was amazing. Like looking at two entirely different exercises. By the
    end of our time there, that ball was flying." The same level of discipline has been instilled
    at Manchester City. And the players, already performing at an extraordinarily high level,
    will only get better as time progresses. The Rondo, a humble training drill, has been
    a crucial part of the team's improvement over the last two years. It is an encapsulation
    of Pep Guardiola's coaching philosophy, a conduit through which his basic principles
    are channelled onto
    the pitch.
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