Flowers in Chania

How to Draw a Building in 2-Point Perspective: Step by Steps

How to Draw a Building in 2-Point Perspective: Step by Steps
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    Hi, Tom here in this week's Circle Line Art School video I'll show you one way to
    draw a building in two point perspective step by step,
    when drawing perspective we need to draw a horizontal line for the horizon which
    represents the farthest distance that we can see, next for two-point perspective
    we need to draw two vanishing points as far apart as possible from each other
    and on the horizon line, these vanishing points will be the points where parallel
    lines look that they meet, if they were to recede from us, the next step in this
    drawing is to draw a short vertical line above the horizon line in the middle,
    near the middle, of your page, this will be the corner of the first building, the
    first building block, next draw the sides of this top part of the building, draw
    two lines to the right vanishing point and two lines to the left vanishing
    point for the right-hand side and the left-hand side of the cuboid, now we can
    draw two vertical lines between these two diagonal lines going to the
    vanishing points on either side,
    next for the underneath of this cuboid, as we're looking up at it, we can draw a
    diagonal line from the bottom right vertical line to the vanishing point on
    the left and then another line from the bottom left vertical line to the
    vanishing point on the right, now we have a cuboid, a box shape that we're looking
    up at, next we can repeat this process of drawing a cuboid in two point
    perspective, but with a new vertical line, a new corner line of the cuboid and
    this time to the left, slightly to the left, of the first vertical line that we drew,
    again use the two vanishing points to find the side angles of this building
    block, which is smaller than the first block, first building block that we drew
    at the top, this new cuboid has the horizon line
    going through it, which means that we're looking up at it at the top part of the
    cuboid the block, but we're looking down at it at the bottom part of the cuboid,
    because anything below the horizon line was looking down at, anything on the
    horizon line we're looking straight out, so above the horizon I'm looking up,
    below the horizon line we're looking down and if we're looking straight to
    the horizon line our eyes are looking straight ahead,
    now we can repeat a new block again starting this time with a vertical line
    to the right of our first vertical line that we drew in this drawing,
    for this building to make the bottom block much bigger than
    the top block, so it's not top-heavy
    so choose to draw the vertical lines to show where the edge of this
    block happen on the left and the right, I'll choose these lines far away from us,
    so that they are near the vanishing points that will make a bigger cuboid,
    next we could draw a rectangle in perspective on the top cuboid using
    our vanishing point on the left,
    and then by using the vanishing point on the right we can give it a little bit of
    depth as well, so it makes it look like an insert,
    you could add more 3d structures to your building using the same process, the same
    two point perspective, so that they work, so that they look 3d,
    make sure that all the vertical lines that you add stay vertical to each other
    and all of the diagonal lines, as long as they're parallel shapes, need to go
    either to the left or the right vanishing point, depending if they're
    going towards the left or towards the right,
    so for example the sides of a cuboid that are going away from us,
    they will go towards the vanishing point, because they are parallel, the sides of a
    cuboid are parallel and they'll be going to the left, if they are going in that direction,
    they'll be going to the left vanishing point and if they're going to the right
    direction they'll be going to the right vanishing point
    and then if we have several cuboids all together, if all of the cuboids are
    parallel to each other, we just use the two vanishing points, next in the
    foreground we can add some steps, draw a line from the right vanishing point all
    the way across to the left, then where it crosses the baseline of the base cuboid
    draw a vertical line on the left hand surface of the base cuboid, now we can
    draw another vertical line nearby, we can use the left vanishing point to mark
    out the angle of the steps and then one more line from the right vanishing point
    to make a rectangular base for our steps in two-point perspective in the
    foreground we can now draw another line halfway up the two vertical lines that
    we've just drawn this time going towards the left vanishing point
    and then we can draw a new diagonal line to show the angle of the steps, just
    choose the angle that you wish we could extend this new diagonally up through
    the surface of the base of the cuboid if you want
    and then draw another rectangle at the top surface of this cuboid in two-point
    perspective, once you have that in place or something similar, so that you've got
    a shape to place the steps and a diagonal on which to draw them, just
    divide the sloping line, this diagonal line into a series of evenly spaced
    steps and all of these lines will be going away from us in two point
    perspective, they're only going in one direction, so we're going to use the
    left-hand vanishing point for all of them,
    when the steps are in place we can add the rises of the steps, the vertical
    lines of the steps and that creates a sort of zigzag shape on the edges of
    steps and then you should have some simple
    steps going up to our building,
    now these diagonal lines won't be going to left, they'll be going towards the
    right vanishing point because they're going in that direction,
    I think I'll extend some of the lines at the corners in this drawing, so it looks
    more like a sketch, you could just add some simple shading to your drawing
    using just two tonal values, for this drawing I'm using a 4b pencil, you could
    make a dark tonal value for the parts we're looking up at and then maybe a
    mid-tone for all the parts of the building which are on the right, you
    could add some diagonal shading, graded shading, sort of going from dark to light
    to dark to light, for the windows, there may be some reflective shading on the
    ground, just repeating some of the shapes above at a softer tonal value lower down,
    to make it look a bit like a reflection, thank you very much for watching this
    drawing, I hope you find it useful for your own drawing, I post a new video
    every week, please visit my website to learn more, thanks
    for watching and see you next time:)
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